Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death among women. Important sex differences in CVD risk factors, pathophysiology, presenting symptoms, treatment, preventive strategies and outcomes are increasingly recognised. The traditional cardiovascular risk factors increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in women more than they do in men. Women can also have nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors such as gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and polycystic ovary syndrome. More focus on female-specific features of CVD might help the development of targeted therapeutic interventions for both primary and secondary prevention in women.
Modern Medicine – Issue 1 2021