Osteoarthritis is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterised by pain and loss of function, and is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Although risk factors vary across joints, common factors include obesity and advancing age. A largely clinical diagnosis, management for symptomatic disease is centred on nonpharmacological and nonsurgical measures. Pharmacotherapy is ideally limited to the treatment of acute flares of pain with joint replacement being reserved for advanced symptomatic disease.
Modern Medicine – Feb/March 2019